Prospects for Open Source Scholarly Publishing
The Open Source phenomenon, made famous by Linus Torvald's Linux project, has offered the promise of a more democratic, grass roots approach to many undertakings. In the context of software development, the term "open source" has acquired specific meaning. But what does it mean to publishing and, in particular, scholarly communications? Is it still about software, meaning the underlying systems supporting delivery and publication? Or is it about the authoring process, allowing many hands to contribute to a single work? Or is it about distributing the functions of editting, referring and review? Does it apply only to the Internet or does it apply to hardcopy too? And who profits? And how?