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Seminar

Weak KAM Theory, Homogenization and Symplectic Topology August 30, 2018 (02:00 PM PDT - 03:30 PM PDT)
Parent Program: --
Location: UC Berkeley
Speaker(s) Fraydoun Rezakhanlou (University of California, Berkeley)
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Abstract: In this course we will explore the connection between Hamilton-Jacobi PDE, Hamiltonian ODE and Symplectic Topology. Hamiltonian systems of ordinary differential equations appear in celestial mechanics to describe the motion of planets. We regard a Hamiltonian system  completely integrable if there exists a change of coordinates such that our Hamiltonian system in new coordinates is still Hamiltonian but now associated with a Hamiltonian function that is independent of position. For completely integrable systems the new momentum coordinates are conserved and the set of points at which the new momentum takes a fixed vector is invariant for the flow of our system. These invariant sets are homeomorphic to tori in many classical examples of completely integrable systems. According to Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser (KAM) Theory, many of the invariant tori survive when a completely integrable system  is slightly perturbed. Aubry-Mather Theory construct a family of invariant sets provided that the Hamiltonian function is convex in the momentum variable.  A. Fathi uses viscosity solutions of the associated Hamilton-Jacobi PDE to construct Aubry-Mather invariant measures. Recently there have been several interesting works to understand the connection between Aubry-Mather Theory and Symplectic Topology. The hope is to use tools from Symplectic Topology to construct interesting invariant sets/measures for Hamiltonian systems associated with non-convex Hamiltonian functions. In this course, we also explore the connection between Aubry-Mather Theory and the homogenization phenomena for Hamilton-Jacobi PDEs when the Hamiltonian function is selected randomly according to a translation invariant probability measure.

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