Number Theory concerns the study of properties of the integers, rational numbers, and other structures that share similar features. It is a central branch of mathematics with a well-known feature: it is often the case that easy-to-state problems in number theory turn out to be exceedingly difficult (e.g. Fermat’s Last Theorem), and their study leads to groundbreaking discoveries in other fields of mathematics.
A fundamental theme in number theory concerns the study of integer and rational solutions to Diophantine equations. This topic originated at least 3,700 years ago (as documented in babylonian clay tablets) and it has evolved into the highly sophisticated field of Diophantine Geometry. There are deep and fruitful interactions between Diophantine Geometry and seemingly distant fields such as representation theory, algebraic geometry, topology, complex analysis, and mathematical logic, to mention a few. In recent years, these connections have led to a large number of new results and, specially, to the partial or complete resolution of important conjectures in the field.
Thanks to these recent discoveries, our knowledge about rational and algebraic solutions of diophantine equations has dramatically improved in aspects such as height formulas and height bounds for algebraic points, automorphic methods, unlikely intersection problems, and non-abelian and p-adic approaches to algebraic degeneracy of rational points. All these groundbreaking advances will be the central theme of the semester program “Diophantine Geometry” at MSRI. The main purpose of this program is to bring together experts as well as enthusiastic young researchers to learn from each other, to initiate and continue collaborations, to update on recent breakthroughs, and to further advance the field by making progress on fundamental open problems and by developing further connections with other branches of mathematics. We trust that younger mathematicians will greatly contribute to the success of the program with their new ideas. It is our hope that this program will provide a unique opportunity for women and underrepresented groups to make outstanding contributions to the field, and we strongly encourage their participation.
CM abelian varieties
Grothendieck-Katz p-curvature conjecture